And Justice for All

­­Debtors PrisonMCC Justice Series Looks at “Too Poor to Pay: Debtors’ Prison” on April 20

The popular “…And Justice for All” series at Muskegon Community College continues on Thursday, April 20, with a panel discussion of “Too Poor to Pay: Debtors’ Prison.” Community members are encouraged to attend the free event, which begins at 6 p.m. in Stevenson Center Room 1100.

The panelists will address the consequences of bail, tickets, fines, and plea bargaining sentences on the poor in the American court system.

MCC instructor Andy Wible will moderate the panel discussion featuring the Hon. Raymond J. Kostrzewa, 60th District Court; D.J. Hilson, the Muskegon County Prosecutor; Heather Garretson, an experienced litigator and former law professor who researches and consults on the collateral consequences of a conviction; and Chad Catalino from the Muskegon County Public Defenders Office.

Here’s a closer look at the panelists:

  • Raymond J. Kostrzewa is a graduate of Michigan State University and the University of Detroit School of Law. He joined the Muskegon County Prosecutor’s Office and was soon promoted to Chief Trial Attorney. In 2014, he was appointed to the 60th District Court bench and in 2016 he was appointed by the Michigan Supreme Court to serve as Chief Judge of Muskegon’s 60th District Court.
  • D.J. Hilson is a graduate of Marquette University and Thomas Cooley Law School in Lansing. In June 1999, he became assistant prosecutor in Muskegon County. During his 13 years in that role, he handled cases in the district court, circuit court, and family court. Hilson has tried approximately 70 felony cases including several murders, violent assaults, and criminal sexual conduct cases. In August 2012, he won the primary election for prosecutor and was sworn in on January 3, 2013. He is a member of the statewide Criminal Justice Policy Commission.
  • Heather Garretson worked in the U.S. Attorney’s Office prosecuting federal narcotics cases and arguing before the Eighth Circuit Court of Appeals. She then practiced white-collar criminal defense before taking a position as a law professor where she continued her interest in criminal law through scholarship and State Bar of Michigan criminal law committees. She now focuses full-time on smart justice reform and speaks nationally on collateral consequences.
  • Chad D. Catalino is the Supervising Attorney of the Misdemeanor Division of the Muskegon County Public Defender’s Office.  A Muskegon native, he graduated from Muskegon Catholic Central, Grand Valley State University and Michigan State University Law School. While in law school, he earned a Prosecuting Attorney Association of Michigan (PAAM) internship and completed externships with the Newaygo County Prosecutor’s Office and the Michigan Attorney General’s Office Prosecuting Attorney Appellate Services Division. He worked as an assistant prosecutor and in private practice before becoming an Assistant Public Defender in the Muskegon County Public Defender’s Office. Among his accomplishments in his current position has been to institute a social worker internship program that has provided clients more effective communication. In 2013, he was awarded the Michigan Foster Care Review Board Child Welfare Parent Attorney of the Year Award.
  • Andy Wible is chair of the MCC Arts and Humanities Department and teaches philosophy, ethics and logic courses at the college. He directs the MCC Ethics Institute. An Indiana native, he has earned three degrees in philosophy, a bachelor’s from Hanover College, a master’s from Ohio University, and a Ph.D. from Wayne State University.

For more information on the “…And Justice for All” series, call (231) 777-0266.

Origins of “…And Justice For All” at MCC

In early 2015 when tensions between law enforcement and minorities were escalating in places like Ferguson, Cleveland and New York City, MCC took a proactive approach and launched its “…And Justice for All” series of community discussions.

“Now is as good a time as ever to engage our students in a larger societal issue that is worth talking and educating our students beyond the normal classroom discussions,” said MCC Vice President John Selmon in announcing the series. “Our students and others need helpful information about how to navigate the criminal justice system.”

  • February 24, 2015 – “Rights, Race and the Police”
    The inaugural event in Collegiate Hall brought together college and high schools students, community members, with faculty, local law enforcement and a Grand Rapids lawyer who had represented police officers sued for civil rights violations. The momentum created by that first discussion propelled MCC to coordinate five subsequent “…And Justice for All” events funded by the John G. Thompson College and Community Fund.
  • April 23, 2015 – “After the Ferguson Report: A Dialogue on Race and Police”
    Panelists included: D.J. Hilson, the Muskegon County Prosecutor; Lynne Gill, the Muskegon Heights Chief of Police; Darnell Blackburn, Michigan Commission on Law Enforcement Standards (MCLOES) District Field Representative; Jeffrey Lewis, the Director of Public Safety for the Muskegon Police Department; Nicholas Budimir, an MCC instructor; and Andy Wible, MCC Arts and Humanities Department Chair, the moderator.
  • September 24, 2015 – “Explore Your Bias”
    MCC faculty members Papa N’jai and Nicholas Budimir, along with Institute of Healing Racism Director Floyd R. Cook, led a discussion on various topics related to bias, such a structural racism, and engaged the audience with questions designed to provide greater insights into their perceptions and potential biases.
  • November 30, 2015 – “Engaging Others: Race Class and Gender”
    Participants viewed short videos and then randomly were divided into small groups, where MCC faculty and staff facilitated discussions about the complicated divisions of race, class and gender within society.
  • February 23, 2016 – “Mass Incarceration: Balancing Justice and Public Safety”
    With more than 2.2 million people incarcerated in U.S. jails or prisons in 2013 – a 400 percent increase since 1980 – a panel talked about criminals, rehabilitation and deterrence, the effectiveness of prisons and jails, and alternatives. Panelists included: Muskegon County Sheriff Dean Roesler; Muskegon Correctional Facility Warden Sherry Burt; Muskegon Community College Psychologist Dr. Sherri Deboef Chandler; and former prisoner and rehabilitation expert Cliff Washington.
  • April 20, 2016 – “Political Engagement: Influencing Change”
    Academics, politicians and activists talked about opportunities and ideas for influencing change in the way police, courts, and prisons function. Increasing public awareness around criminal justice and policing allows the opportunity to discuss and debate new directions and ideas for reform.Panelists included State Rep. Marcia Hovey-Wright (D-92nd District), State Rep. Jon Bumstead (R-100th District), Muskegon County Equal Opportunity Employment Officer Tim Bracey, MCC Board of Trustees Treasurer Sean Mullally and MCC Instructor Kurt Troutman. MCC Social Sciences faculty members Papa N’Jai and Nicholas Budimir facilitated the discussion.
  • September 20, 2016 – “Defamation: the Play”
    MCC hosted the nationally acclaimed Todd Logan show, “Defamation: The Play,” a riveting courtroom drama that explores the highly charged issues of race, religion, gender, class and the law with a twist – the audience is the jury. More than a play, the show is a unique opportunity for the community to engage in civil discourse about the most pressing social issues of our day.
  • November 3, 2017 – “the 13th Amendment: From Shackles to Prison Bars?”
    An open discussion of the Netflix documentary “13th” by Ava DuVernay and the deleterious legacy of that Constitutional amendment upon African-Americans was held. Michelle Loyd-Paige, the Executive Associate to the President for Diversity and Inclusion at Calvin College, was the panelist and MCC faculty member Gretchen Cline served as the facilitator. The 13th constitutional amendment was ratified in 1865 and stated: “Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, except as a punishment for crime where of the party shall have been duly convicted, shall exist within the United States, or any place subject to their jurisdiction.” The film charts the explosive growth in America’s prison population; in 1970, there were about 200,000 prisoners; today, the prison population is more than 2 million. Although the U.S. has just 5% of the world’s population, it has about 25% of the world’s prisoners, and about one in three prisoners are black men. More than 60% of the people in U.S prisons are people of color.
  • March 20, 2017 – “What to Do When Stopped by the Police”The presenters included Jeffrey Lewis, the director of public safety for the Muskegon Police Department; Sgt. Marvin Petty of the Muskegon Heights Police; and Charles Ayres, an assistant public defender and trial attorney for Muskegon County. MCC sociologist Nicholas Budimir facilitated the discussion. The two law enforcement officers shared insights and informative materials and conducted role-playing with students. They shared personal experiences to educate the audience on best practices and how the police are trained to approach routine stops. Ayres talked about the individual’s legal rights in those situations.